ARBUCKLES' ILLUSTRATED ATLAS
Fifty Principal Nations of the World
(Actual Size: 6-7/8" x 11-1/8" - shown approx. 1/2 scale)
CLICK on any map to see the
corresponding card as it was originally issued.
German Empire, Paraguay, Cuba, Dominion of Canada
THE GERMAN EMPIRE is bounded E. by Russia
and Austria; W. by France, Belgium and
the Netherlands; N. by the North Sea,
Jutland, and the Baltic; and S. by
Switzerland and Austria.
Constitution of the Empire bears date
April 16, 1871. By its terms, all the
States of Germany "form an eternal
union for the protection of the realm and
the care of the welfare of the German
people." The supreme direction of
the military and political affairs of the
Empire is vested in the King of Prussia,
who in this capacity, bears the title of
German Emperor. The Legislature consists
of the Bundesrath, or Federal Council of
the individual States, and the Reichstag,
representing the German nation.
Total area of the 25 States and of
Alsace-Lorraine, 208,690 square miles, 94
per cent. of which is productive.
Population, 45,234,000. The climate is
characterised by great uniformity.
Germany contains 50,000 square miles of
wooded lands. The vine is extensively
cultivated, and the best and most famous
wines are produced on the Rhine. The
cereals are rye, wheat, oats, buckwheat,
ptoatoes and maize. Among the chief
manufacturing products are woolens,
cottons, silks, velvets, doeskins,
hosiery, carpets, spun flax, lace,
leather, paper, musical instruments, beer
and brandy. Coal, iron, silver and copper
are the principal minerals.
colonies, properly so called, Germany has
none; but she has declared her protection
over various areas in Africa and the
1820 to 1889, over three and a half
million German emigrants landed in the
United States. Berlin, one of the finest
cities of Europe, is the capital of the
Prussian monarchy and of the German
("the place of waters"), the
only country in South America without any
seaboard, is bounded on the W. by the
Argentine Republic and on the E. by
Brazil, and is bisected longitudinally by
the Sierra Anambahy, a range from 1,000
to 2,000 feet high, which forms the
is a Republic, and by a new Constitution
proclaimed 1870 (after the close of the
five years' war with Brazil, the
Argentine Confederation and Uruguay) the
legislative authority is vested in a
Congress of two houses, a Senate and a
House of Deputies; the executive being
entrusted to a President, elected for a
term of four years, who exercises his
functions through a cabinet of five
responsible ministers, and has a
non-active Vice-President at his side.
area is 92,000 square miles. Population
294,000. There are besides 60,000
semi-civilized and 70,000 uncivilized
Indians. Asuncion is the capital.
climate though hot and unsuited to
European colonization, is on the whole
healthy, except in the marshy districts.
The vegetation is luxuriant, and the
forests yield splendid timber and many
kinds of ornamental woods. Alligators
swarm in the rivers, and insect life is
abundant to the furthest limit of human
the first three months of 1890 there were
777 immigrants, of whom 269 were
Italians, 162 Spaniards, and 138 French.
is a fine grazing country and possesses
large herds of cattle. The chief
agricultural products, besides yerba
maté (or Paraguay tea) and tobacco, are
maize, rice, wheat mandioca and cotton.
The chief exports are yerba maté, hides
"the Pearl of the Antilles," and the one colony of importance
belonging to Spain, is the largest and
wealthiest island of the West Indies, and
is about 150 miles distant from the two
great peninsulas of Florida and Yucatan.
It was discovered by Columbus 28th
October, 1492, and was occupied by the
Spanish in 1511.
area is 43,220 square miles, ten per
cent. of which is cultivated, seven per
cent. is unreclaimed, and four per cent.
is under forests. There are large tracts
of country still unexplored. Cuba is
divided into three provinces, the
southeast and central being the richest
and most populous. Above Trinidad, on the
S. coast, the rugged mountain masses are
not without grandeur, while the rare
beauty of the coast and inland scenery is
unsurpassed by that of the most renowned
of the Mediterranean lands. The western
department contains almost all the great
sugar factories and tobacco plantations.
population in 1877 was 1,521,684, of whom
977,992 were Spaniards, 10,632 foreign
whites, 43,811 Chinese, and 489,249
negroes. In 1886 slavery was absolutely
capital, Havana, the principal city in
the West Indies, is the key to the
Mexican Gulf, and has one of the finest
harbors in the world. It is unsurpassed
by any city in the world for its
beautiful public parks, shady drives and
promenades, and numerous fountains.
principal productions are sugar, tobacco,
coffee, rice and cotton. The sugar
cultivation is the most profitable. Large
quantities of honey, rum, wax, tobacco,
cigars and hard-wood are exported from Havana.
DOMINION OF CANADA.
DOMINION OF CANADA, the most extensive of
the British colonial possessions, is
practically co-extensive with British N.
America, and is composed of the seven
provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Nova
Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitoba, British
Columbia and Prince Edward Island.
Constitution, according to Act of
Confederation, is similar in principle to
that of the United Kingdom; the executive
authority being vested in the Sovereign
of Great Britain and Ireland, and carried
on in her name by a Governor-General and
Privy Council; and the legislative in a
Parliament of two Houses called the
"Senate" and the "House of Commons."
3,205,344 square miles. Population at
census of April 3, 1881, 4,324,810.
climate is generally more extreme, both
in summer and winter, than that of
corresponding latitudes in Europe, but
the most populous provinces are extremely
country is one of vast lakes and
magnificent rivers, including the mighty
St. Lawrence. The great Horse-shoe Fall
is on the Canadian side of the Niagara
is rich in the extent and variety of her
minerals and rocks and in the extent of
her forests. The coal-bearing area
extends over 65,000 miles. The grain
produce consists of oats, wheat, rye,
barley, maize and pulse. There are most
valuable fisheries of cod, herrings,
salmon, lobsters and other fish.
leading exports are lumber, cheese,
horned cattle, horses, sheep, barley,
wheat, oats, fish, including fish oils
and furs and skins of fish, coal,
gold-quartz and nuggets.
is the great commercial centre. Quebec,
strongly fortified, lies picturesquely on
a rocky plateau on the left bank of the