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PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES AND TERRITORIES
#25 - NEW JERSEY

Size: 5" x 3"
Copyrighted: 1892
Lithographer: Donaldson Bros.

New Jersey - George Washington, Battle of Monmouth; Massacre of Indians, Hoboken; Washington's Headquarters, Morristown

Reverse - Text
Left section: GRIND YOUR COFFEE AT HOME
Right section:
NEW JERSEY.
THE first European to look upon the low sandy shores of New Jersey was Hendrik Hudson, whose little ship "Half-Moon" cast anchor Inside of Sandy Hook in 1609. By virtue of his discoveries the people of the Netherlands laid claim to New York and New Jersey. Colonies were sent from Holland, and within a decade settlements arose in the vicinity of Jersey City (then called Bergen), the trading-post being the site of New York. Colonies from Sweden also settled in West Jersey and occupied territory claimed by the Dutch. This led to disputes until Governor Stuyvesant secured the submission of the Swedes in 1655. In 1664, King Charles II. granted to the Duke of York a great tract of land, from Cape May to Nantucket, the Duke in turn granting New Jersey to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, giving them the absolute estate and title to the land, and also the power to rule and make laws. Philip Carteret was the first governor. The first settlers at Newark were Connecticut Puritans. Some of the important battles of the Revolution were fought in this State. Frederick the Great pronounced Washington's Trenton-Princeton campaign "the most brilliant in the annals of military achievements." The cantonments of the army in the winter of 1779-80 were at Morristown, and the house then occupied by General Washington and his wife is now sacredly preserved as public property. The last of the Indian tribes left the State in 1802. Slavery existed for a century, but in 1820 an Act was passed giving freedom to all children born of slave parents after certain dates.
ILLUSTRATIONS.
Washington at the Battle of Monmouth; Massacre of Indians at
Hoboken, 1643; Washington's Headquarters at Morristown.