PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES AND TERRITORIES
#47 - NEBRASKA
Size: 3" x 5"
Lithographer: Donaldson Bros.
|Reverse - Text
YOUR COFFEE AT HOME
|IN 1805 Manuel Lisa
founded at Bellevue a
trading-post for commerce with
the Indians, and the American Fur
Co. in 1810 established another
little post at the same place.
Their official, Colonel Peter A.
Sarpy, located at Bellevue in
1824, and became the first
permanent white settler in
Nebraska. Old Fort Kearney was
established at Nebraska City in
1847, and New Fort Kearney (on
the Platte River) in 1848, for
the protection of the Oregon
Trail. The Mormon exodus of 1847,
and the great overland migrations
started by the discovery of gold
in California, called attention
to the Platte country. In 1850
the Lone-Tree Ferry was
established to carry emigrants
across the Missouri, and the next
year the ferryman staked off the
first claim at Omaha, the town
being laid out in 1854. After the
collapse of the Pike's Peak gold
excitement in 1859, thousands of
weary adventurers moved eastward
to Nebraska and opened up farms.
The pioneers wrongly rated the
high prairies as sterile, and
located along the river-bottoms,
and it was difficult to get them
out on to the uplands. During the
early days the settlers suffered
greatly from the forays of the
Indians, who killed many of the
pioneers and ravaged the remote
Potter; Friar Padilla, Missionary
of 16th Century;
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