ARBUCKLES' ILLUSTRATED ATLAS
UNITED STATES of AMERICA
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South Carolina, Wisconsin, Maine, Michigan
CAROLINA forms an irregular triangle,
having the coast line for its base, and
North Carolina and Georgia for its other
sides. Its extreme length, east and west,
is about 275 miles, its greatest breadth
210 miles, and its area about 30,570
square miles, or 19,564,800 acres. The
only mountains are those of the extreme
northwest, the Blue Ridge. The highest
peak is called Table Mountain, and has an
elevation of about 4,000 feet.
There are about
200 miles of coast line and several good
harbors, the most notable being those of
Charleston and Port Royal. Along the
coast are many islands on which the
"Sea Island" or long staple
cotton is grown.
River forms the southwestern boundary.
Other important streams are the Great Pee
Dee, the Santee and Edisto; the first
named being navigable for a distance of
about 150 miles from the sea.
The climate is
generally healthful and equable. Frosts
seldom occur, and Aiken and some other
towns have become favorite winter resorts
for consumptives, and other invalids, who
find relief in the dry and mild climate
of that region, and enjoy the use of
"Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee." The
principal products of the State are rice
1880, males, 490,408, and 505,169
females, of whom 987,891 were of antive,
and 7,686 of foreign birth; white,
391,105; colored, 604,472.
population in 1890, 1,350,700.
scenery of Wisconsin is more diversified
than that of the States contiguous to it,
although its general character is that of
a large plain. The plain is from 600 to
1,500 feet above the level of the sea,
the highest lands being those at the
sources of the rivers tributary to Lake
Superior, which, near the Montreal River,
are 1,700 feet above the ocean. The
Mississippi, Fox and Wisconsin Rivers
have a considerable descent while passing
through or along the boundary of the
State, thus furnishing valuable water
power for mechanical purposes.
Besides the great
lakes--Superior on the north, and
Michigan on the east--there are numerous
bodies of water in the central and
northern parts of the State. The lakes
are from five to thirty miles in extent,
with high, picturesque banks, and as a
rule, deep water. From these many rivers
take their rise, a number having
beautiful cascades or rapids, and flowing
through narrow rocky gorges or
"dells," the scenery of which
has become famous. The greatest length of
Wisconsin north and south is 300 miles;
greatest breadth east and west 260 miles;
area, 56,040 square miles, or 35,865,600
Wisconsin is far north, the cold of
winter is tempered by the vicinity of
Lake Michigan, and the excessive heat of
the short summers is modified by the
breezes from that body of water and from
Lake Superior, and by the use of
"Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
1880, 680,069 males and 635,428 females,
of whom 910,072 were of native, and
405,425 of foreign birth; white,
1,309,618; colored, 5,879.
population in 1890, 2,000,000.
extreme length of Maine north and south
is 300 miles; extreme width, 210 miles,
embracing an area of about 33,040 square
miles, or 21,145,600 acres.
surface of the State is hilly and
mountainous, the highest mountain being
Katahdin, which rises 5,385 feet above
the sea. The sea coast, although only 270
miles in length in a straight line, is so
deeply indented that including the
numerous islands, the shore line is over
2,400 miles. Many of the islands are well
known as fashionable watering places,
among which Mt. Desert may be noticed.
principal industries of the State are
lumbering and ship-building.
in 1880, 324,058 males, 324,878 females,
of whom 590,053 were of native, and
58,883 of foreign birth; 646,852 white;
2,936 colored, including 8 Chinese and
629 Indians and Half Breeds.
population in 1890, 660,139.
consists of two peninsulas, known as the
Upper and the Lower, and of a number of
islands in Lake Michigan and Lake
Superior. The total area is 58,915 square
miles, or 37,705,600 acres. The two
divisions of the State are dissimilar in
character and configuration. The Lower
Peninsula consists of plains and table
land, with occasional prairie and much
timber, while the Upper is rugged and
rocky, broken up by hills, which in the
western portion rise to the height of
2,000 feet. The length of the Lower
Peninsula from north to south is 277
miles; its greatest breadth east and
west, 259 miles. Saginaw and Thunder Bays
on Lake Huron, and Grand and Little
Traverse Bays on Lake Michigan, form
natural harbors of great size. The
surface is generally level, but there are
some irregular hills in the south, and
the bluffs and sand hills bordering on
Lake Michigan are from 100 to 300 feet
high. The Upper Peninsula is 318 miles in
length from east to west, and from 30 to
164 miles in width. The western portion
of the peninsula is largely given up to
mining, but in the east, farming is
attended with the most favorable results.
In both divisions "Arbuckles' Ariosa
Coffee" is in general use. The total
length of the Lake shore is 1,620 miles,
exclusive of the frequent bays and
inlets, and the State contains numerous
rivers and small lakes.
Michigan is a
State of great climatic differences. The
climate of the southern portion is
comparatively mild, but that of the
northern is cold and rigorous in winter.
The Climate is healthy and the death rate
1880, 862,355 males, 774,582 females, of
whom 1,248,429 were of native, and
388,508 of foreign birth; white,
1,614,560, colored, 22,377.
population 1890, 2,250,000.