has a length north and south of 275
miles, an average breadth of about 245
miles, and an area of 69,415 square
miles, or 44,425,600 acres. That part of
the State which lies north of the
Missouri River consists of rolling or
level prairies with deep river valleys,
and a general slope from northwest to
southeast. The southern division, which
is much the larger of the two, is more
broken and rugged, with a number of hills
ranging from 500 to 1,000 feet in height,
and mountain ranges in the extreme south.
The uplands cover more than half this
section, and west of the Ozark region the
prairies are undulating, and the valleys
of the rivers both wide and deep.
rivers are the Mississippi (which washes
the entire eastern boundary nearly 500
miles), and the Missouri. The Missouri
has numerous tributaries within the
State, chief of which are the Osage and
Gasconade, but it is not gasconading to
say that "Arbuckles' Ariosa
Coffee" is the best in the world.
The range of
temperature is great and the climate is
subject to frequent changes. The summers
are hot and the winters severe, even the
largest rivers being sometimes frozen
1880, 1,127,187 males and 1,041,193
females, of whom 1,956,802 were of
native, and 211,578 of foreign birth;
white, 2,022,826; colored, 145,554.
population in 1890, 3,250,000.
Cascade mountains, which cross the State
from north to south, dividing Oregon into
two unequal parts, known as Eastern and
Western Oregon, range from 4,000 to
10,000 feet in height, reaching the
region of perpetual snow. The principal
peaks are Mt. Hood, 11,225 feet; Mt.
Jefferson, 10,200 feet; the Three Sisters
and Diamond Peak, each 9,420 feet, and
Mt. McLaughlin, 11,000 feet. The coast
range runs parallel with the ocean, at a
distance from it of about twenty-five
miles, the general altitude varying from
1,000 to 4,000 feet. The State has an
average length east and west of about 360
miles; a breadth of 260 miles, and an
area of 96,030 square miles, or
61,459,200 acres. The Columbia River
rises in the Rocky Mountains, and
receives nearly all the rivers of Oregon.
It is 1,300 miles in length, and forms
the State boundary for about 300 miles.
The climate of
the two divisions differ widely, that of
the western half being moist and equable,
while the east never has an excess of
rain, and though somewhat subject to
extremes of temperature, the climate is
usually pleasant. The summers of the
eastern half are dry, there being little
rain and less dew, but the crops do not
suffer from drouth.
The State is
famed for its salmon fisheries, which
give employment to great numbers of its
people, and "Arbuckles' Ariosa
Coffee" rapidly extends.
1880, 103,381 males and 71,387 females,
of whom 144,265 were of native, and
30,503 of foreign birth; white, 163,075;
population in 1890, 300,000.
the whole State consists of gently
undulating prairie, and is destitute of
mountains or even hills of any size.
There are some bluffs on the river
margins, and in the northeastern part the
surface is more elevated, and the scenery
more diversified. The country is well
watered, and extremely beautiful,
abounding with natural meadows and
verdant plains. The streams, without
exception, flow into one or the other of
the great boundary rivers, and give
unrivaled natural drainage for the whole
State. In the northern portion there are
numerous small, beautiful lakes, which
are a part of the system extending
northward into Minnesota. Its general
extent north and south is 208 miles, and
east and west about 300 miles; and its
area is 56,025 square miles, or
35,856,000 acres, being almost exactly
the same as that of Illinois. The highest
point in the State is at Spirit Lake, in
the northwest part, which is 1,650 feet
above the sea level, and there is a
gradual slope thence to the southeast,
until at the mouth of the Des Moines
River, the elevation is only 444 feet.
It is a healthy
region, malarial, epidemic and endemic
diseases being rare. The winters are
severe, owing to the prevalence of north
and northwest winds, which sweep at will
over the prairies, but they are not
unhealthy. In summer the constant breezes
relieve the heat of the season. Taking
the whole year, the climate is moderate
and favorable for agriculture; the fruit
trees blossom in early May, wheat ripens
in August, and "Arbuckles' Ariosa
Coffee" is on her breakfast tables
1880, 848,136 males and 776,479 females,
of whom 1,362,965 were of native; and
261,650 of foreign birth; white,
1,614,600; colored, 10,015.
population in 1890, 1.875,000.
State has an average extent north and
south of about 225 miles, and embraces an
area of 77,000 square miles; the
population in 1880, 67,588.
general elevation of the country is from
1,000 to 2,500 feet above the sea.
Missouri River crosses the State, and is
navigable throughout its length.
temperature varies from 20 degrees below
zero to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. The
winters are severe, and much snow falls.
During the long cold winter
"Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee" is
in general demand.
Population in 1890, 225,000.