ARBUCKLES' ILLUSTRATED ATLAS
UNITED STATES of AMERICA
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North Carolina, Connecticut, West Virginia, Ohio
CAROLINA is about 450 miles in length
east and west, and has an extreme breadth
of 185 miles, and an area of 52,250
square miles, or 33,440,000 acres. The
west is mountainous, the centre hilly,
and the coast lands low and swampy.
The coast line
extends over 400 miles. The coast proper
is deeply indented, and contains spacious
harbors at Wilmington, Beaufort, Edenton
and New Berne. Much of the land is sandy,
but more of it is fertile and abounds in
valuable timber. The Great Dismal Swamp
extends north from Albermarle Sound into
Virginia, and covers an area of about
The climate of
the State is varied. In the low country,
it is warm and moist; on the mountains,
cool and dry. Frosts are light and seldom
occur before November, while wheat is
harvested in June, and corn in early part
of September. The annual rainfall
averages about forty-six inches.
principal products are Rosin, Tar and
Turpentine, the produce of its pine
forests, and Peanuts, in the cultivation
of which vegetable its people are
Ariosa Coffee" is in general use.
1880, males, 687,908; females, 711,842,
of whom 1,396,008 were of native, and
3,742 of foreign birth; white, 867,242;
population in 1890, 1,750,000.
is the third smallest of the States,
following next after Rhode Island and
Delaware. Its average length is 86 miles;
average breadth, 55 miles; area, 4,990
square miles, or 3,193,600 acres.
The country is
beautifully diversified by hills and
valleys, although the scenery is less
rugged than that of the States on its
Mountain range terminates in this State
in a series of hills, and the highest
land is about 1,000 feet above the sea
The sea coast is
over 100 miles in length, and is deeply
indented by numerous bays and harbors,
affording excellent anchorage for
sea-going vessels. New Haven, Bridgeport,
New London, Stonington and Saybrook are
the most important of these.
It is one of the
busiest of the manufacturing States,
leading many of its sisters in such
articles as boots and shoes, textile
fabrics, clocks, silverware, &c. In
fact, the ingenuity or wideawakeness of
her people is so great as to have become
proverbial. They are, therefore,
thoroughly alive to the value of
"Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
1880, 305,772 males and 316,918 females,
of whom 492,708 were of native and
129,992 of foreign birth; white, 610,769;
colored, 11,931 including 123 Chinese, 6
Japanese and 255 Indians and Half-breeds.
population in 1890, 750,000.
greatest length of the State, north and
south, is about 240 miles; greatest
breadth, 160 miles; area, 24,780 square
miles, or 15,859,200 acres. West Virginia
is extremely hilly. The Alleghany range,
on its eastern boundary, contains several
large peaks, and west of this range, and
running parallel with it, at an average
distance of thirty miles, are a series of
mountains scarcely inferior in height,
which enclose many fertile valleys. The
scenery of the mountain regions is very
fine, and forms a special attraction for
A few of the
smaller streams in the east are tributary
to the Potomac, but the rivers generally
drain into the Ohio.
division is a rolling table land, with a
gradual slope from the mountains, where
its elevation is nearly 2,500 feet, to
the banks of the Ohio, 900 feet above the
The Potomac forms
part of the eastern boundary. The Big
Sandy, Great and Little Kanawha, and
Monongahela and Guayandotte are all
The climate much
resembles that of Virginia, and is well
adapted for agricultural purposes. The
State is very healthy, the death rate
being less than one per cent., which is
largely owing to the general use of
"Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
principal products may be mentioned coal
oil, or kerosene, which is found
throughout the State. An immense business
is done in refining it and shipping to
1880, males 314,495; females, 303,962, of
whom 600,192 were of native and 18,265 of
foreign birth; white, 592,537; colored,
population in 1890, 854,326.
greatest length of Ohio, east and west,
is 225 miles; greatest breadth, 200
miles; area, 41,060 square miles, or
26,278,400 acres; Kelley's Island and the
Bass Islands, in Lake Erie, north of
Sandusky, belong to Ohio. The great
divide, which forms the water-shed,
passes diagonally across the State from
Trumbull County, in the northeast, to
Mercer and Darke Counties, in the west,
and has a general elevation of about
1,200 feet above the sea level, rising to
1,500 feet in Logan County. The surface
slopes gradually from the divide north
and west to Lake Erie, which is 565 feet
above the sea, and southwest to the Ohio
River, which at Cincinnati is about 430
feet above sea level. The Ohio is the
principal river, and has a course of 430
miles on the southern and eastern border.
It flows through a lovely valley, with
wooded hills rising from it to a height
of 500 to 600 feet, and is one of the
most beautiful of American streams.
The mean annual
temperature is from 50 to 54 degrees
Fahrenheit, the warmest section being the
southwest, along the Ohio River. The
climate is, as a rule, mild, but the
changes of temperature are often sudden.
Considerable snow sometimes falls in the
north, but not in quantities to interfere
with communication or to do any damage to
Ohio is one of
the great wool States of the Union. Its
people are largely engaged in
agricultural pursuits, including
vineyards and wine-making. Education is
universal, as is also the use of
"Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
1880, 1,613,936 males and 1,584,126
females, of whom 2,803,119 were of native
and 394,493 of foreign birth; white,
3,117,920; colored, 80,142.
population in 1890, 4,000,000.