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is bounded by Montana, Wyoming, Utah,
Nevada, Oregon, Washington and British
Columbia; gross area, 83,888 sq. miles;
land area, 83,354 sq. miles; water area,
534 sq. miles; capital, Boise.
of the State is exceedingly mountainous.
Three-fourths of the State (the Southern
portion) is arid, agriculture being
practised only by means of irrigation.
The soil is very fertile when water is
applied. The northern portion of the
State is covered with dense forests, the
principal timber being white and yellow
pine, fir, cedar, spruce, hemlock and
principal minerals are gold, silver and
lead. About one-third of the lead mined
in the United States comes from Idaho.
principal farm products are wheat,
cereals, peaches, pears, apples, apricots
and prunes. The mountains in the Southern
portion afford excellent pasturage and,
with irrigation, the plains of the Snake
River and its tributary valleys are
rapidly being converted into cereal
principal articles of manufacture include
flour, railroad cars, lumber and timber
products, printed matter, harness and
saddlery, dairy products, furniture,
foundry and machine-shop products,
clothing, liquors, tobacco and cigars.
is moderate and the springs and summers
are pleasant and never oppressively hot.
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in 1910, 185,546 males and 140,048
females; of whom 283,016 were of native
and 42,578 of foreign birth; white,
319,221; negro, 651; Indian, 3,488;
Chinese, 859; Japanese, 1,363; all
others, 12. Total population, 325,594.
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