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VIEWS FROM A TRIP AROUND THE WORLD
#31 - RIO JANEIRO, BRAZIL

Size: 3" x 5"
Copyrighted: 1891
Lithographer: Joseph P. Knapp

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Illustrations: Avenue in Rio Janeiro; A Missionary; A Cook

Reverse - Text
Left section: GRIND YOUR COFFEE AT HOME
Right section:
RIO de JANEIRO, BRAZIL.
Rio de Janeiro (colloquially shortened to "Rio"), is the Capital of Brazil and one of the principal seaports of South America. Its location is on the western side of one of the finest natural harbors in the world--the Bay of Naples, the Golden Horn of Constantinople, and the Bay of Rio de Janeiro being mentioned by the traveled tourist, as equally remarkable for their extent and the beauty and sublimity of their scenery; but the other two must yield the palm to this magnificent sheet of water, which, in a climate of perpetual summer, is enclosed by ranges of picturesque mountains and dotted over with verdure-covered islands of the tropics. It has been called the very gate to a tropical paradise.
Rio, with its environs, constitutes an independent municipality, with an area of about 540 square miles, divided into nineteen frequezias or parishes. The bay, called by the natives Nitherohi or "hidden water," was discovered in January, its name resulting from the supposition that it was the mouth of a large river. The city became the Capital of the Vice-Royalty of Portugal in 1763, after many harsh vicissitudes of attack and defeat from the Spanish and Portugese powers.
From the centre of the city the suburbs extend about four miles in each of three directions. A bird's-eye view from a point midway between the convent turrets on the hill of San Bento and the Signal-staff of Morro do Castello (which overlooks the mouth of the harbor), would reveal the city spread beneath, with its steeples and towers, public buildings, parks, and vermilion chimneyless roofs, and its aqueducts spanning the spaces between the seven green hills--making a gigantic mosaic, bordered on one side by the mountains, on the other by the blue waters of the bay.
Rio de Janeiro is the market through which the bulk of the Brazilian coffee crop passes, and from there it is shipped by water to the various counties of the world.
As high as 4,700,000 bags of coffee have been received there in one year from the surrounding plantations, the bulk of which is exported to the United States.
Population 1885, 357,332.