PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES AND TERRITORIES
#16 - CALIFORNIA
Size: 5" x 3"
Lithographer: Donaldson Bros.
|Reverse - Text
YOUR COFFEE AT HOME
|IN 1513 Vasco Nuñez de
Balboa crossed the Isthmus of
Panama and discovered the Pacific
Ocean. In 1534 Mendoza and
Grijalva, two Spanish officers,
discovered Lower California. The
Gulf of California was explored
by Cortez. Sir Francis Drake in
1579 sailed along the Pacific
Coast on one of his plundering
and devastating expeditions.
were established in 1697 by the
Jesuit padres, but they were
replaced by King Charles III.
with Franciscans, and they in
turn were supplanted by the
Dominicans; then they withdrew to
Upper California and there
erected more than a score of
missions among the Indians. The
founder of these was Father
Junipero Serra, who established
the mission of San Diego in 1769.
was ceded to the United States in
1848 after two years' war, and on
January 24th of the same year a
piece of native gold was found in
a mill race by a workman named
Marshall on the property of
Colonel Sutter, a Swiss settler,
at Coloma. Dreamy pastoral life
was over, and by the close of the
year miners in search of gold
were at work on the foothills
from the Tuolumne to Feather
River. Next year, 100,000 men
crossed the plains or the Isthmus
of Panama, or rounded Cape Horn,
for the Eldorado.
was admitted into the Union in
1850. The yield of gold has
gradually declined of late years,
but in its place has arisen great
industries in wheat, wool, wine
and fruit. The State is next in
extent to Texas.
Old Mission; Sir Francis Drake on
the Coast in 1579; The
Big Trees; The Early Miners.
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