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Colorado, Territory of Utah, Montana, Minnesota

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    COLORADO has an average length east and west of 380 miles, a breadth of 280 miles, and an area of 103,925 square miles, or 66,512,000 acres, divided into thirty-nine counties. There are still unsurveyed 40, 657,679 acres; it consists of three natural divisions, the mountain range, the foot hills, and the plains. The Rocky Mountains run north and south through the centre of the State, and consist of three parallel ranges, with many peaks over 13,000 feet high. Within the space inclosed by these immense mountains, are the "Parks," which constitute the most remarkable natural feature of Colorado. These consist of extensive plateaus at an elevation of 9,000 to 10 000 feet above the sea level.
    Colorado has numerous streams, the principal ones being the North and South Platte, and the Arkansas, Snake, White and Green rivers, most of which flow through rocky cañons and are not navigable. The South Platte has a fall of 6,000 feet between Montgomery and Denver, and one of the cañons of the Arkansas is 1,500 feet in depth.
    On the mountains the winters are as a rule, severe, with heavy falls of snow in November and December, but on the plains and in the valleys, the mildness and purity of the atmosphere are such as to render Colorado the paradise of invalids, thousands of whom resort there, and are glad to find that "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee" has preceded them.
    Population in 1880, 129,131 males, and 65,196 females, of whom 154,537 were of native, and 39,790 were of foreign birth; white, 191,126; colored, 3,201.
    Estimated population in 1890, 350,000.


    THE average length of Utah north and south is about 350 miles; average breadth, about 260 miles; area, 84,970 square miles, or 54,380,800 acres. The country is rugged and broken, and is separated into two unequal sections by the Wahsatch mountains, which cross it from northeast to southwest. Extending east from the Wahsatch, along the southern border of Wyoming, are the Uintah mountains. Other prominent ranges are the Roan, Little, Sierra Lasal, Sierra Abajo, San Juan and Sierra Panoches. In the southeast are extensive elevated plateaus, and in the west a series of disconnected ridges and mountain ranges, generally extending from north to south.
    Among the lakes, the largest is the Great Salt Lake in the northwest, which is seventy-five miles long and about thirty broad. Utah Lake is a beautiful sheet of fresh water, having an area of about 130 square miles, and closely hemmed in by mountains. It is connected with the Great Salt Lake by the Jordan River.
    The Climate for the most part is mild and healthful. "Arbuckle's Ariosa Coffee" is in general use. The mean annual temperature east of the Wahsatch mountains is from 38 to 44 degrees, and west of that range from 45 to 52 degrees Fahrenheit, while in the valley of the Rio Virgin, and in the southwest generally, the summers are dry and hot. Most of the rain falls between October and April; spring opens in the latter month, and cold weather seldom sets in before the end of November.
    Population in 1880, 74,509 males and 69,454 females, of whom 99,969 were of native, and 43,994 of foreign birth; white, 142,423, colored, 1,540.
    Estimated population in 1890, 229,895.


    THE length of the State from east to west varies from 460 to 540 miles; its average breadth is 275 miles; and its area is 146,080 square miles, or 93,491,200 acres, of which 80,651,676 are still unsurveyed. The eastern division embraces the great plains or rolling table lands, which cover three-fifths of the area of the State, the Rocky Mountains, with other ranges, occupying the west. The Bitter Root Mountains branch off at the eastern extension of the Rockies, and form the western boundary of the State for a considerable distance. Other important ranges are the Snow Mountains in the south, and the Belt, Highwood, Judith and Little Rocky Mountains. The peaks are from 6,000 to 12,000 feet above the sea level, and the valleys average about 4,000 feet, the mountain belt having an average breadth of 180 miles. The plains slope gradually toward the east, having an elevation of about 4,000 feet at the base of the mountains, and of 2,000 feet at the Dakota line.
    The largest body of water is Flathead Lake, which is about thirty miles long by ten miles wide, and there are several smaller lakes in the northwest. Timber is abundant on the mountain slopes, and consists of pine, cedar, fir and hemlock.
    The climate of Montana is warmer than that of the Eastern States in the same latitude, and is very dry; when people are in that condition, the best thing they can do is to refresh themselves with "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
    Population in 1880, 28,177 males and 10,982 females, of whom 27,638 were of native, and 11,521 of foreign birth; white, 35,385; colored, 3,774.
    Estimated population in 1890, 130,000.


    MINNESOTA occupies nearly the centre of the continent of North America. The surface of the State is an undulating plain with an average elevation of 1,000 feet above the sea, but in the northeast there is a group of low sand hills which rise about 600 feet higher. Its extreme length north and south is 380 miles, and its breadth varies from 183 miles in the middle to 262 miles on the southern and 337 near the northern line; the total area being 83,365 square miles, or 53,353,600 acres. There are over 7,000 small lakes in the State, varying from one to thirty miles in diameter, while several of them have an area of from 100 to 400 square miles.
    The Mississippi rises in Lake Itasca, and flows for nearly 800 miles through the State, receiving the Minnesota at Fort Snelling, five miles above St. Paul.
    There is much really beautiful scenery in Minnesota and although it is destitute of Mountains, the limestone cliffs of the Upper Mississippi, and the perpendicular walls of rock between which the St. Croix forces its way, are very picturesque. The celebrated Falls of St. Anthony, at Minneapolis, are the best known of the many cataracts to be found in this State. The twin cities of St. Paul and Minneapolis are the headquarters for the State of "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
    The salubrity of the climate of Minnesota is well known, and the purity of the air and dryness of the winters render the State a chosen place of recuperation for those suffering from pulmonary complaints.
    Population in 1880, 419,149 males and 361,624 females, of whom 513,097 were of native, and 267,676 of foreign birth; white, 776,884; colored, 3,889.
    Estimated population in 1890, 1,500,000.