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North Carolina, Connecticut, West Virginia, Ohio

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    NORTH CAROLINA is about 450 miles in length east and west, and has an extreme breadth of 185 miles, and an area of 52,250 square miles, or 33,440,000 acres. The west is mountainous, the centre hilly, and the coast lands low and swampy.
    The coast line extends over 400 miles. The coast proper is deeply indented, and contains spacious harbors at Wilmington, Beaufort, Edenton and New Berne. Much of the land is sandy, but more of it is fertile and abounds in valuable timber. The Great Dismal Swamp extends north from Albermarle Sound into Virginia, and covers an area of about 150,000 acres.
    The climate of the State is varied. In the low country, it is warm and moist; on the mountains, cool and dry. Frosts are light and seldom occur before November, while wheat is harvested in June, and corn in early part of September. The annual rainfall averages about forty-six inches.
    Among its principal products are Rosin, Tar and Turpentine, the produce of its pine forests, and Peanuts, in the cultivation of which vegetable its people are extensively engaged.
    "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee" is in general use.
    Population in 1880, males, 687,908; females, 711,842, of whom 1,396,008 were of native, and 3,742 of foreign birth; white, 867,242; colored, 532,508.
    Estimated population in 1890, 1,750,000.


    CONNECTICUT is the third smallest of the States, following next after Rhode Island and Delaware. Its average length is 86 miles; average breadth, 55 miles; area, 4,990 square miles, or 3,193,600 acres.
    The country is beautifully diversified by hills and valleys, although the scenery is less rugged than that of the States on its north.
    The Green Mountain range terminates in this State in a series of hills, and the highest land is about 1,000 feet above the sea level.
    The sea coast is over 100 miles in length, and is deeply indented by numerous bays and harbors, affording excellent anchorage for sea-going vessels. New Haven, Bridgeport, New London, Stonington and Saybrook are the most important of these.
    It is one of the busiest of the manufacturing States, leading many of its sisters in such articles as boots and shoes, textile fabrics, clocks, silverware, &c. In fact, the ingenuity or wideawakeness of her people is so great as to have become proverbial. They are, therefore, thoroughly alive to the value of "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
    Population in 1880, 305,772 males and 316,918 females, of whom 492,708 were of native and 129,992 of foreign birth; white, 610,769; colored, 11,931 including 123 Chinese, 6 Japanese and 255 Indians and Half-breeds.
    Estimated population in 1890, 750,000.


    THE greatest length of the State, north and south, is about 240 miles; greatest breadth, 160 miles; area, 24,780 square miles, or 15,859,200 acres. West Virginia is extremely hilly. The Alleghany range, on its eastern boundary, contains several large peaks, and west of this range, and running parallel with it, at an average distance of thirty miles, are a series of mountains scarcely inferior in height, which enclose many fertile valleys. The scenery of the mountain regions is very fine, and forms a special attraction for tourists.
    A few of the smaller streams in the east are tributary to the Potomac, but the rivers generally drain into the Ohio.
    The western division is a rolling table land, with a gradual slope from the mountains, where its elevation is nearly 2,500 feet, to the banks of the Ohio, 900 feet above the sea level.
    The Potomac forms part of the eastern boundary. The Big Sandy, Great and Little Kanawha, and Monongahela and Guayandotte are all navigable.
    The climate much resembles that of Virginia, and is well adapted for agricultural purposes. The State is very healthy, the death rate being less than one per cent., which is largely owing to the general use of "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
    Among its principal products may be mentioned coal oil, or kerosene, which is found throughout the State. An immense business is done in refining it and shipping to the East.
    Population in 1880, males 314,495; females, 303,962, of whom 600,192 were of native and 18,265 of foreign birth; white, 592,537; colored, 25,920.
    Estimated population in 1890, 854,326.


    THE greatest length of Ohio, east and west, is 225 miles; greatest breadth, 200 miles; area, 41,060 square miles, or 26,278,400 acres; Kelley's Island and the Bass Islands, in Lake Erie, north of Sandusky, belong to Ohio. The great divide, which forms the water-shed, passes diagonally across the State from Trumbull County, in the northeast, to Mercer and Darke Counties, in the west, and has a general elevation of about 1,200 feet above the sea level, rising to 1,500 feet in Logan County. The surface slopes gradually from the divide north and west to Lake Erie, which is 565 feet above the sea, and southwest to the Ohio River, which at Cincinnati is about 430 feet above sea level. The Ohio is the principal river, and has a course of 430 miles on the southern and eastern border. It flows through a lovely valley, with wooded hills rising from it to a height of 500 to 600 feet, and is one of the most beautiful of American streams.
    The mean annual temperature is from 50 to 54 degrees Fahrenheit, the warmest section being the southwest, along the Ohio River. The climate is, as a rule, mild, but the changes of temperature are often sudden. Considerable snow sometimes falls in the north, but not in quantities to interfere with communication or to do any damage to the crops.
    Ohio is one of the great wool States of the Union. Its people are largely engaged in agricultural pursuits, including vineyards and wine-making. Education is universal, as is also the use of "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
    Population in 1880, 1,613,936 males and 1,584,126 females, of whom 2,803,119 were of native and 394,493 of foreign birth; white, 3,117,920; colored, 80,142.
    Estimated population in 1890, 4,000,000.