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Territory of Wyoming, Alabama, Louisiana, Kansas

(facing page)


    THE surface is elevated and mountainous, the main chain of the Rocky Mountains extending across the Territory from southeast to northwest, and forming what is known as "the divide." The principal ranges are the Wind River, Big Horn, Laramie, Bishop, and Medicine Bow Mountains.
    The most interesting of the natural features of Wyoming and those which have most attracted the attention of travelers, are found in the extreme northwest corner of the Territory, in the section known as the Yellowstone National Park. This wonderful park has a length of sixty-five miles north and south by fifty-five miles in width, and an area of 3,575 square miles. No part of it is less than 6,000 feet above the sea, and the snow-covered mountains that hem in the valleys on every side, rise to a height of 12,000 feet. It is a land of wonders, with its grand cañons and geysers, its beautiful lakes and rivers, with cataracts, cascades and rapids of unexampled beauty, and mountains towering far above the deep and rugged valleys through which the rapid streams flow.
    Wyoming has become a great grazing Territory, and is fast rivaling the famous "Blue Grass" region of Kentucky, as a breeding place for horses, whose speed and stamina challenge comparison with the historical Kentucky thoroughbred, and horsemen are already looking to Wyoming for the world-beater of the near future. "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee" is a universal favorite on the ranches of the Territory.
    Population in 1880, 14,152 males and 6,637 females, of whom 14,939 were of native, and 5,850 of foreign birth; white, 19,427; colored, 1,352.
    Estimated population in 1890, 100,000.


    ALABAMA is 330 miles in length and on the average 154 miles in breadth; it has an area of 52,250 square miles, or 33,440,000 acres. In the northeast, the country is rugged and uneven, and the southern extremity of the Alleghany Mountains extends thence west, forming the dividing line between the head waters of the Tennessee and the rivers which flow south to the Gulf of Mexico. The slope from this to the south is gradual, with rolling prairies in the centre of the State, and the extreme southern portion is flat, and but slightly elevated above the sea level. There is about sixty miles of sea coast, including Mobile Bay, the finest harbor on the Gulf. The Mobile River is formed by the junction of the Alabama and Tombigbee, and the Chattahoochee, Coosa and Tennessee all have a part of their course in Alabama.
    Although Alabama lies within seven degrees of the tropics, its climate is not unpleasant, the mean annual temperature being about 63 degrees Fahrenheit. In the northern and more elevated sections the temperature is moderated by the sea breezes, and seldom exceeds 95 degrees, except in July, when the thermometer has been known to record 104 degrees.
    The motto of the State is, "Here we rest," but one's rest is not complete without the soothing effect of "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
    Population in 1880, 662,629 males and 639,876 females, of whom 1,252,771 were of native, and 9,734 of foreign birth; white, 662,185; colored, 600,320.
    Estimated population in 1890, 1,500,000.


    LOUISIANA has an extreme length east and west of 300 miles; the greatest breadth is 240 miles; area, 48,720 square miles or 31,180,800 acres. It is low-lying, and much of the southern part is only a few feet above the sea level. Hills there are none, except in the northwest, where there are some low ranges, never exceeding 200 feet in height, and on the east bank of the Mississippi where the bluff rises gradually between Baton Rough and Natchez to the height of 200 feet. The coast line extends over 1,200 miles, and is exceedingly irregular. Few States, if any, are so well watered, and many of the streams are navigable. The Mississippi flows for 800 miles through or on the borders of Louisiana, and reaches the sea by means of numerous branches, forming an extensive delta.
    The summers are protracted and occasionally very hot, and the winters are colder than those of the Atlantic States in the same latitude, owing to the free sweep which the northern winds have over the State. The climate is favorable to the growth of all agricultural productions. In 1853, 1867, and again in 1878, yellow fever prevailed as an epidemic in New Orleans and other cities, causing great loss of life, and an almost entire suspension of business. Recent investigations lead us to believe that in "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee" we have a valuable prophylactic against yellow fever and kindred diseases.
    Population in 1880, 468,754 males and 471,192 females, of whom 885,800 were of native, and 54,146 of foreign birth; white, 454,954; colored, 484,992.
    Estimated population in 1890, 1,050,000.


    KANSAS has an extreme length east and west of 410 miles; a breadth of about 210 miles, and an area of 82,080 square miles, or 52,531,200 acres. The general surface is an undulating plateau with a gentle slope from the western border to the Missouri. The extreme elevation reached is 3,800 feet, while at the mouth of the Kansas River the land lies 750 feet above the level of the sea. The average altitude is about 2,375 feet. There are no mountains in Kansas, but the scenery is redeemed from monotony by the rich grass-covered hills and the fertile river valleys, while the Arkansas and the Republican Rivers are bordered by bold bluffs from 200 to 300 feet in height. The Missouri furnishes a water frontage of 150 miles on the east, and near the Missouri State line receives the Kansas, which is formed by the confluence of the Republican and Smoky Hill Rivers, near Junction City, and intersects the State throughout its entire length. Few of the rivers are navigable, but nearly all furnish abundant water power.
    The winters of Kansas are comparatively mild, the summers warm, but not oppressive, and the atmosphere extraordinarily pure and clear at all seasons. Kansas is a very healthy State, entirely free from miasmatic diseases, and highly favorable to consumptives and those suffering from bronchial or pulmonary complaints, to whom the pure free atmosphere seldom fails to afford relief, and they habitually use "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
    Population in 1880, 536,667 males and 459,429 females, of whom 886,010 were of native, and 110,086 were of foreign birth; white, 952,155; colored, 43,941.
    Estimated population in 1890, 1,470,000.