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(Actual Size: 6-7/8" x 11-1/8" - shown approx. 1/2 scale)
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Territory of Arizona, Nebraska, Nevada, Arkansas

(facing page)


    THE area of the Territory of Arizona is 113,020 square miles or 72,332,800 acres, of which 67,098,366 are unsurveyed. The middle and northeastern portions of the Territory consist of plateaus which have an elevation of from 3,000 to 8,000 feet above the sea, and are here and there dotted by volcanic cones rising 2,500 feet above the plateaus. The mountain ranges, of which there are many, have generally a northwest and southeast course, with the exception of the Mogollon range, in the east, which runs nearly east and west, joining the Sierra Blanca. The highest mountain is the San Francisco, a volcanic cone, whose summit is 11,000 feet above the sea.
    The Colorado, which is the largest and the only navigable river, is formed by the junction, in Southern Utah, of the Green and Grand rivers, and flows southerly along the western boundary of Arizona, emptying into the Gulf of California, just south of the southern line of the Territory. This river has during the course of centuries cut for itself a deep channel through the rocks, so that for long distances it flows between perpendicular walls 7,000 feet in height. The annual product of "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee," if piled in walls of similar height, would rival this stupendous thing phenomenal.
    The climate is mild and generally healthful, lung and malarious diseases being almost unknown. The summer temperature of the treeless plains in the south is intensely hot.
    Population in 1880, 28,202 males and 12,238 females, of whom 24,391 were of native, and 16,049 of foreign birth; white, 35,160; colored, 5,280.
    Estimated population in 1890, 60,948.


    THE surface of Nebraska constitutes a vast plain, with undulating prairies of great extent, diversified by a few low hills or ridges, and without mountains of any size, except in the extreme west and northwest, where the lower slopes of the Rocky Mountains, and the broken country of the Black Hills begin. From the west and northwest the land slopes gradually to the Missouri River, which washes the eastern and northeastern borders of the State. The valley of the Platte, which stretches across the centre of the State from west to east, and the whole southern portion of Nebraska are extremely fertile and well watered. The western half is best adapted for grazing purposes, being a constant succession of natural pastures. About 30,000 square miles of the eastern division consist of bottom and prairie lands of exuberant fertility. Nebraska has a width from north to south of about 210 miles; its greatest length in the central part is about 420 miles; area, 76,855 square miles, or 49,187,200 acres.
    The outfit of the Prairie Schooners, shown on card of this State, is not considered complete without a sufficient stock of "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee."
    Nebraska might with propriety be termed a highland State, forming as it does a part of the great interior slope, which extends from the base of the Rocky mountains to the Missouri River. Over the wide prairies the mountain breezes sweep at will, and owing to the splendid drainage facilities the dry, exhilarating atmosphere is untainted by any malaria.
    Population in 1880, 249,241 males and 203,161 females, of whom 354,998 were of native, and 97,414 of foreign birth; white, 449,764; colored, 2,638.
    Estimated population in 1890, 1,100,000.


    NEVADA has an extreme length north and south of 485 miles; its greatest breadth through the centre is about 320 miles; area, 110,700 square miles, or 70,848,000 acres, with 58,436,498 still unsurveyed. The surface is an elevated table land, with an average altitude of 4,500 feet above the ocean, and broken by parallel ranges of mountains running from north to south, which attain a height of from 1,000 to 8,000 feet. The Sierra Nevadas, which reach an elevation varying from 7,000 to 13,000 feet, form a part of the western boundary.
    Lake Tahoe, among the mountains on the California border, is twenty-one miles long and ten miles wide, and has a depth of 1,500 feet. It is more than 6,000 feet above the ocean, but keeps a temperature of about 57 degrees Fahrenheit the year round.
    Among the noticeable natural features are the "mud lakes" and warm springs. Some of the former cover 100 square miles, and are composed of thick alkaline deposits in the dry season, or of a foot or two of very muddy water during the rains. Most of the springs contain sulphur or other mineral ingredients, and possess medicinal qualities.
    Nevada is the great silver State of the Union, and is also rich in other minerals. "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee" is in general use.
    The winters are mild, with little snow, except upon the mountains, but in the north the thermometer sometimes falls as low as fifteen degrees below zero.
    Population in 1880, 42,019 males and 20,247 females, of whom 36,613 were of native, and 25,653 of foreign birth; white, 53,556; colored, 8,710.
    Estimated population in 1890, 50,000.


    ARKANSAS has an extent north and south of 240 miles; a breadth from east to west of from 170 to 250 miles; and an area of 53,850 square miles, or 34,464,000 acres. The eastern portion of Arkansas is low and flat, but toward the west the land gradually rises and becomes somewhat hilly. The Ozark Mountains in the northwest are little more than hills, seldom attaining an elevation of over 2,000 feet, and the extreme west consists of an elevated plain, with a gradual ascent toward the Indian Territory.
    The most important river is the Arkansas, which rises in the Rocky Mountains, flows through Colorado and Kansas, and thence southeast through the Indian Territory and Arkansas, to its junction with the Mississippi at Napoleon. It has a course within the State of 500 miles. The Red, St. Francis, White and Ouachita Rivers are all large streams and of much service in commerce. The Mississippi, here of great width, washes the eastern boundary of Arkansas, and gives it an additional water frontage of nearly 400 miles. All parts of the State are finely timbered. There are extensive pine forests; also an abundance of oak, hickory, walnut, linn, locust, cypress, cedar, and many other useful trees.
    The Hot Springs form one of the most remarkable natural phenomena to be found in this country, and with "Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee" is one of the wonders of the world.
    In general, the climate is very pleasant and healthful. The northwestern portion of the State bears a high reputation as a sanitary resort.
    Population in 1880, 416,279 males, and 386,246 females, of whom 792,175 were of native, and 10,350 of foreign birth; white, 591,531; colored, 210,994.
    Estimated population in 1890, 1,250,000.