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#4 - BOSTON, MASS., U.S.A.

Size: 5" x 3"
Copyrighted: 1891
Lithographer: Joseph P. Knapp

Boston, Massachusetts - Old South Church; Army and Navy Monument; Faneuil Hall; Boston Commons
Illustrations: Boston Drummer; Old South Church; Army and Navy Monument; Faneuil Hall; Boston Belle; Boston Commons

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This peculiar city, playfully termed the "Athens of America" and the "Hub of the Universe," lies on Massachusetts Bay, formerly one of the pear-shaped peninsulas attached to the main land by marshy necks fringing the shores of the bay. The Mystic River on one side and the Charles on the other, pour their waters into the spacious harbor on the city's eastern front. The marked facilities for commerce and defence seem to have influenced the choice of site by the first settlers.
The Indian name was "Shawmut," meaning "Living Fountains." An avenue stretching some ten miles out through the suburbs preserves the name, Shawmut Avenue. It was subsequently changed to "Trimountaine," or Tremont, which title still applies to one of the main thoroughfares and certain buildings. But the only one of the three hills remaining is the famous Beacon Hill, the unique dome of the city, as seen from the harbor, its apex crowned with the great gilded dome of the handsome State House. The present name of the city was adopted in 1630.
Boston Commons, the pride of all Bostonians, is situated in the heart of the city, covering 48 acres of land, containing ponds, fountains, the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, Parade Ground, &c.
By an act of the Legislature, Municipal authorities cannot encroach upon it in any way, without a vote of the majority of the citizens.
The prominence of this town in the struggle for national freedom has left many interesting reminders. Faneuil Hall stands pre-eminent as the place of public assemblage, where the most brilliant and powerful tongues swayed the masses to deeds of valor. The various institutions in the domains of religion, science, literature and art, are the natural outgrowth of the solidity and refinement of character among the people. The size of its commerce involves a large admixture of foreigners, with its cosmopolitan result, but there is a certain flavor, in Boston's own social core, of subtle strength that has wide recognition in America as well as abroad.
Population 1890, 417,720.