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Size: 3" x 5"
Copyrighted: 1891
Lithographer: Joseph P. Knapp

Pekin, China - Port of Pekin; View from Mandarin's Pavilion
Illustrations: Port of Pekin; A China Tea Merchant; Pekin from the Distance; A Chinese Lady; View from a Mandarin's Pavilion

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The Capital of the Chinese Empire stands on the northern extremity of the great alluvial delta which extends from its walls southward 700 miles. Over the greater part of nine centuries, under various names and dynasties, Pekin has remained an imperial city. During the periods of those early vicissitudes, the extent and boundaries of the city materially varied.
The modern city consists of two parts, the inner city know to foreigners as the "Tatar City," and the outer city known thus as the "Chinese City;" but these terms are misleading, as what is called the inner city is not enclosed within the outer city, the southern wall of the former resting squarely against the northern wall of the latter--the one outflanking the other on either side. The outer walls of the double city enclose an area of about 25 square miles, and measure 30 miles in circumference. Unlike other Chinese walls, these are kept in perfect order. Those of the Tatar portion are 50 feet high, with a width of 60 feet at base and 40 feet at top, while those of the Chinese City, built in 1543, measure 30 feet in height; width at base, 25 feet, and 15 feet at top.
Viewed from the walls, Pekin has the aspect of a city of gardens, with a mass of gay temples, palaces and mansions, their blue, green and yellow glazed tiles shining among the groves.
In the "Imperial City" is the "Purple Forbidden City," which holds the Emperor's Palace of unsurpassed splendor, in which the Son of Heaven holds his Court. The Temple of Heaven is a noteworthy building, where the Emperor offers sacrifice and presents prayers for various objects. There are also altars to the Earth, Sun, Moon and Agriculture.
There is very little manufacturing done in the city, the inhabitants being consumers and not producers.
Population , 1,648,000