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Size: 3" x 5"
Copyrighted: 1891
Lithographer: Joseph P. Knapp

Lisbon, Portugal - Royal Castle; Belem Castle; Fort Almeida
Illustrations: A Sport; Royal Castle; Belem Castle; A Lisbon Lady; Lisbon from Fort Almeida

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This city is one of great antiquity, supposed by some to date from the time of Ulysses, but its foundation is generally ascribed to the Phoenicians. Its location is on the north and west banks of the Tagus. The Castle of Belem defends the approach to the city, the Tagus being at this point not over a mile in breadth, but above Lisbon expands into a spacious and magnificent harbor. The position of Lisbon is one of the finest in the world, and specially adapted to the purposes of commerce. At the time of the great earthquake in 1755, it was at the height of prosperity, when in ten minutes the most important portion of the town was a mass of ruins. That part of the city has been rebuilt with fine houses and wide streets. It is divided into four quarters, two of which are Rocio, the newly built portion, and Alfama, the old quarter which escaped the earthquake.
Lisbon is held by some to be the most remarkable city in the peninsula, and perhaps in the south of Europe, and quite as much deserving the notice of artists as Rome itself. There is a noble aqueduct comparable in beauty and solidity with the most remarkable works of the Romans. Its construction occupied nineteen years of the early part of last century. Its principal arches cross the valley to the northeast of Lisbon, which is thus supplied with cool and delicious water from a distant source. There are many public squares, the most important of which is the Praca do Commercio, containing the principal public edifices. The south side is open to the water, to which flights of steps lead down. Two columns mark the place where the earth opened in 1755 and swallowed up the marble quay. The Palace of Ajuda, one of the Royal residences, stands on the summit of a hill, its pure Greek architecture presenting a striking contrast to the surrounding Moorish and Gothic buildings.
Population 1878, 246,343.