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Size: 3" x 5"
Copyrighted: 1891
Lithographer: Joseph P. Knapp

Montreal, Canada - Tobogganing; Snow-Shoer; Ice Palace; Mt. Royal; Tobogganist
Illustrations: Tobogganing; A Snow-Shoer; Ice Palace; Montreal from Mt. Royal; A Tobogganist

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Montreal, the chief seat of commerce and principal port of entry of the Dominion of Canada, is built on an island about 30 miles in length and 7 in width, at the confluence of the rivers Ottawa and St. Lawrence. It stands at the head of ocean navigation, 160 miles above Quebec, and at the foot of the westward chain of water-courses ending in the great lakes. Montreal is built upon a series of terraces, the former levels of the river or of a more ancient sea. Behind these rises Mt. Royal, (from which the city gets its name,) a mass of trap rock thrown up through the surrounding limestone strata, to a height of 700 feet above the level of the river. On the northern side of the mountain the Trenton limestone, of which the city is mainly built, crops out and is there quarried for the purpose.
The French discoverers of the place in 1535, named it Ville Marie, at that time the site of an Indian village called Hochelaga; (one of the city suburbs is still known by that name.) The upper portion of the mountain--an area of 430 acres--is laid out as a public park, with fine drives shaded by well-grown trees. On the western slope are both Roman Catholic and Protestant cemeteries. From the commanding site of this mountain, the view on all sides, including the wide expanse of the valley of the St. Lawrence, is of great beauty and variety. A well cultivated and wooded country watered by the two rivers, stretches away on either hand, bounded on the west by the lakes of St. Louis and the Two Mountains; on the distant horizon by the Laurentian hills, the Adirondacks and the Green Mountains of Vermont. Immediately below the Lachine Falls are the Nun's and St Helen's Isles, the latter rising 150 feet, beautifully wooded and laid out as a public park, while between them the river is spanned by the great Victoria Bridge, a wonderful triumph of engineering skill, composed of tubular iron supported on 24 piers of solid masonry, with terminal abutments of the same, measuring 9,184 feet in length.
Est. Population, 233,000.