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Size: 3" x 5"
Copyrighted: 1891
Lithographer: Joseph P. Knapp

Guayaquil, Ecuador - Yaguachi; Native Chief
Illustrations: A Native Workshop; Market Woman; Yaguachi Near Guayaquil; Native Chief; View of Guayaquil

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Guayaquil is the principal seaport of the Republic of Ecuador, S.A., and is situated on the western bank of the Guayaquil River, about 20 miles from its mouth. The city forms part of a low and level tract of land bounded on the north by the hills of Santa Ana. The south portion is the new town; the northern section is the old town, and occupied mainly by the poorer classes. The houses are generally built of wood or bamboo and mud, hence the necessity of a strong fire brigade. Since 1870 the town has been drained, the river dredged, and an abundant supply of water brought from a distance. The principal streets are lighted with gas. The public buildings have no architectural interest. All the churches are externally built of wood. There are two colleges, two hospitals, civil and military, municipal buildings and Custom House. In the course of the 17th and 18th centuries, the main facts of its history are the attacks of pirates, and disasters by fire.
As its harbor is one of the best on the Pacific coast, permitting vessels of large tonnage to come up to the town, Guayaquil is the centre of the foreign trade, not only of Ecuador but of part of Peru, and has regular steamship connections with both American and European ports. The population is a mixture mainly of mulattoes, mestizos and Indians. At certain points along the line of struggle which finally resulted in delivering Ecuador from the Spanish yoke, Guayaquil bravery was pre-eminent. The State takes its name from the fact of its being crossed by the equator. The Andes chain runs through it, and no where in the entire Andean system do the individual heights attain so magnificent a development as in the Ecuadorian section. The State abounds in noble volcanic summits, presenting a charming variety of form.
The Normal School of Guayaquil is open to Indian children. Since the abolition of slavery in 1854 all races and classes are equal in the eyes of the law, and there are no hereditary distinctions of rank or title.
Population, 40,000.