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Size: 5" x 3"
Copyrighted: 1891
Lithographer: Joseph P. Knapp

Yokohama, Japan - Buddha; Hotel Gan Kiro; Japanese Juggler
Illustrations: Policeman; A Japanese Beauty; Buddha; Hotel Gan Kiro; A Japanese Juggler

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Yokohama--open to foreign commerce and residence by treaty in 1859--is the most important of the five ports in Japan, both on account of its nearness to Tokio (the Capital) and of the extent of its trade. It stands on a plain extending along the Bay of Tokio, shut in by hills, one of which towards the southeast terminates in a promontory called Houmoku-misaki. The climate is variable, the range in temperature being from 95 to 43 deg. F. The cold in winter is severe, owing to the prevalence of northerly winds, while the heat is great in summer, though tempered by sea-breezes from the southwest. The rainfall is large, being about 69 1-4 inches annually. At the time of the above-mentioned treaty of the U.S. with Japan, Yokohama was an insignificant fishing village, but, notwithstanding the protests of the foreign representatives, it was shortly after chosen by the Japanese government for the settlement, in preference to the then more important neighboring town of Kanagawa. From that time Yokohama increased very rapidly. The government constructed various public buildings, a granite break-water, and a causeway two miles long, connecting the town with Kanagawa. Water-works on the most improved plan have been built, the water being supplied from the Sagamigawa.
The foreign settlement consists of well-constructed streets with business establishments. The wealthier portion of the foreign population reside on a hilly locality south of the town, called the Bluff. The land occupied by these residents has been leased to them by the Japanese government, 20 per cent. of the annual rent being set aside for municipal expenses. The harbor, which is a part of the Bay of Tokio, is good and commodious, extending from Houmoku-misaki (Treaty Point) to the mouth of the Tsurumi, a distance of about five miles. Steamers from San Francisco, China, and other ports call regularly. The first railroad in Japan, about 18 miles long, was built in 1872, connecting Yokohama with Tokio.
Population 1888, 119,783.