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ARBUCKLES' ALBUM
OF
ILLUSTRATED NATURAL HISTORY


(Actual Size: 6-7/8" x 11-1/8" - shown approx. 1/2 scale)
CLICK on any map to see the corresponding card as it was originally issued.

Cheetah, Vlacke Vark, Jaguar, Galago
(Gueparda Jubata, Sus scrofa, Felis onca, Otolicnus galago)


(facing page)

Cheetah.

The cheetah, or chetah, is the native name of the hunting leopard of India--a large spotted cat, somewhat like a dog in shape, with long legs and non-retractile claws. It is called jubata (maned or crested) from the short mane-like crest of hairs passing from the back of the head to the shoulders. The natural disposition of this pretty creature is gentle and placid, and it is easily domesticated. The Asiatics have the cheetah trained to hunt deer, as hawks are taught falconry. When used for this purpose, it is hooded and transported in a car. When a herd of deer or other game is seen, the keeper of the cheetah turns its head in the proper direction, and removes the hood; the cheetah slips from the car, and approaching its game in a stealthy manner springs upon it with one bound. Food he likes is then placed before him to divert his attention, the hood is slipped over his head again, and he is taken patient and unresisting to the car till another victim is sighted. Its speed is not great, and it has little endurance. It is sometimes called youze and hunting cat.


Vlacke Vark.

This is the wart hog of South Africa, and the most unsightly of the whole family of hogs, besides being a savage and formidable animal. The reduction in the number of teeth has gone to a remarkable extent, so that in the adult the incisors are only one pair in the upper jaw, but still the customary three pair in the lower. The canine teeth are enormously developed, and serve for rooting up the favorite food, as well as for most terrible weapons of defense and attack, protruding eight or nine inches beyond the lips. With these it has been known to cut a dog nearly in two, with a single stroke, or to sever the fleshy part of a man's thigh. Its charge is greatly dreaded. When chased it presents a most absurd appearance, because it is naturally anxious to know how much it has gained on its pursuer, but is unable to look around on account of its short neck, and the large excrescences on each side of the face, so it is obliged to lift its snout perpendicularly in order to look over its shoulder.


Jaguar.

This member of the cat tribe enjoys the distinction of being the largest and most formidable feline quadruped to be found either in North or South America. It most resembles the leopard or panther of the old world, being beautifully spotted like the pard, but it is larger. Across its breast, but not shown in the picture, are two or three bold, black streaks never seen in the leopard. Its chief distinction from that animal, however, is a small mark in the centre of the dark spots that cover body and sides. The color is not the same in all species. It does not stand so high on its legs as the cougar, but it has a heavier body and is altogether a more powerful beast. Its length is about four feet to the root of the tail, which is two feet long. The girth of the chest is about three feet. It inhabits the wooded parts of America from the State of Texas to Paraguay on the Southern Continent. Its favorite food is monkeys, although it eats animal food of all sorts. Its skin is very highly prized, and is used for military purposes, being much in demand for covering officers' saddles. There is also a black species precisely like the black leopard.


Galago.

The galago, otherwise known as the squirrel lemur, is pretty widely distributed throughout Africa, for besides Senegal, where it was first discovered, it is likewise found in South Africa, and in the Soudan. It is characterized by the great elongation of the proximal tarsal bones, disproportionately long hind legs, and high, upright ears. It is about the size of the squirrel, but these peculiarities and its very long tail make the resemblance only a superficial one. Its coat is extremely thick and soft, as is the hairy covering of the end of the tail, which appears generally to be employed as blanket during rest, for the little creature is extremely sensitive to cold. It becomes rapidly tame and submits willingly to being petted. It is called lemur on account of its nocturnal habits, stealthy steps and strange-looking eyes, all of which contribute to the ghostly, spectral appearance and reputation indicated by the word, which means ghosts of the departed.