Arbuckle Coffee Trade Cards Banner
 

ARBUCKLES' ALBUM
OF
ILLUSTRATED NATURAL HISTORY

Actual Size: 6-7/8" x 11-1/8" (shown approx. 1/2 scale, above)
Pages: 14 (incl. covers)
Copyrighted: 1890*
Lithographer: The Knapp Co.

This wonderful booklet was offered by Arbuckles' Notion Department as an advertising premium. All that was required was to send in 15 signatures (later reduced to 10) cut from 1-lb. packages of Arbuckles' Ariosa Coffee, along with a 2 stamp, and the album would soon arrive in the mailbox, hopefully even before the next 15 pounds of coffee was polished off! I believe that this album, along with similar ones for the State Maps ("Illustrated Atlas of the United States of America") and National Geographical series ("Illustrated Atlas of Fifty Principal Nations of the World"), was among the earliest premiums that Arbuckles' ever offered. This one is listed as No. 4 (of 22) in an 1896 premium list that I have, and was probably available for several years before and after that time. (Interestingly, although the copyright date on the album is 1890, there is text at the back that references coffee shipments to 1893, so perhaps the album wasn't actually produced before 1894.)

The album contains illustrations of all 50 cards in the Zoological series, arranged four to a page, with Cacomixle (Bassaris astuta) and Zebu (Bos indicus) on the back cover (see below). The cards on each page are arranged in a rather informal fashion, sometimes overlapping, such that there is room for additional artwork portraying various natural settings. As with the cards themselves, no artist is ever credited with the drawings. (However, please see box* below for additional information on the possible origin of these illustrations.)

Each "card" in the album appears to use the identical illustration as the corresponding individual card in the series. Below or above each animal is given the common name of the species and as well as the "classical appellation". The album also includes a paragraph of narrative text describing each animal. This text did not appear on the original cards. (However, please see box* below for additional information on the possible origin of these descriptions.)

* Although Arbuckles' claimed for themselves a copyright date of 1890 for this series, the illustrations on which the cards were based were not originally commissioned by Arbuckles', but rather had been previously published in one or more natural history books, at least as far back as 1861. I've added scans of 46 of these earlier drawings to each corresponding card's page, for comparison with the Arbuckle version. (Only Opossum, Zebu, Leopard, and Indian Rhinoceros are not accounted for at this point.) It also appears that Arbuckles' appropriated much of the descriptive text for this album from an earlier source, as well.

Please click here for additional information (and a bit of speculation).

The page facing the inside of the back cover is shown shown above. It provides a capsule history of the origins of coffee, which is continued on the following page (see below).

The album is bound with a thin cord and arranged so that when it's opened to any given page, the four animals illustrated on the right-hand page are matched by their descriptions on the left-hand page (i.e., the back of the previous page). Only Zebu and Cacomixle, because of their position on the back cover, are not presented this way. Their descriptions appear side-by-side on the inside of the back cover (see below).

Over the Coffee Cups.

       BLESSINGS on the man who invented sleep," exclaimed rare old Sancho Panza, in one of his moments of inspiration. Blessed, also, be the man who invented Coffee!

"Gentle is the grape's deep cluster,
But the wine's a wayward child;
Nectar this, of meeker lustre,
This, the cup that 'draws it mild.'
Deeply drink its stream divine,
Fill the cup, but not with wine."

      But who was the man who invented, or discovered Coffee? Like most things whose history dates back a thousand years, its origin is the subject of dispute. The Persians hold that Mohammed was taught to drink Coffee by no less a personage than the Angel Gabriel.

       THE Arabs say that it was discovered by a pious dervish, who in the intervals between his religious devotions, sometimes tended a flock of goats, and who noticed that after they had eaten of the leaves of a certain shrub, they jumped and gamboled and bleated in the most festive manner, and becoming curious as to the cause of their singular happiness, tried some experiments with the shrub himself, and became as merry as were his goats. Following up his new discovery with repetitions of the dose, he was charged by some of his brethren with the deadly sin of drinking intoxicants; but under the influence of the stimulant he waxed so eloquent that he induced his accusers to try a little themselves with such fascinating effect that he not only saved his own life, but was hailed as a great public benefactor.
      Possibly it might have been this same pious gentleman who is credited with bringing Coffee from Abyssinia into Arabia. If so, his name--what there was of it--has been handed down to posterity. It was Djesmal-eddin-Ebu-Agou-Alfagger.

       AMONG the first uses Coffee was put to, was to keep Mohammedans awake during their prolonged religious services; but as such aid to devotion was not considered orthodox by the more conservative priests, it was held by them to be an intoxicant, and certain passages in the Koran were interpreted as forbidding its use. In Constantantinople the coffee houses had a depressing influence on the attendance at the mosques, and there, also, this most innocent, exhilarating and nourishing product was for a time under the ban.

       COFFEE was introduced into England in 1652 by Pasqua Rossie, a Greek girl of great beauty, who was brought to that country, as a servant, by Mr. Edwards, a merchant. The new drink became so popular among his acquaintances, who flocked to the house, that in sheer self-defense he was compelled to marry the beautiful Greek to his coachman, who established the first coffee-house ever set up on English soil.
      Twenty-five years later Charles II. sought to suppress the coffee-houses because of the numerous schemes against the government concocted there, and for many years coffee and politics were closely mixed. Pope makes one of the few poetical allusions to the drink, as that

"Coffee which makes the politician wise,
And see through all things with his half-shut eyes."

      In France, the Turkish minister first popularized the drink in the reign of Louis XIV., by treating visitors to it with most imposing ceremony. Black slaves in bright turbans and sky-blue gowns, entered the room, holding upon a small silk cushion a costly cup of finest porcelain into which they poured from a larger cup of gold filigree, the precious fluid, and on their knees, offered it to the guests whom their lord would honor. The black draught became amazingly popular, and coffee-houses sprang up all over Paris, although the cost of the berry, at that time, was $40 a pound. These houses became the favorite meeting places of artists and scholars, and coffee was distinctively known as the Drink of the Mind. From that day to this, it has been an indispensable adjunct of French dinners. It has had its decriers, of course, to one of which Voltaire made answer, that he knew it was a poison, "and a very slow poison," he continued, "for it has been killing me for 84 years."

       FEW persons who idly sip, or hurriedly swallow their cup of coffee have any idea of the immense quantity annually consumed by the world at large. The crop for the season of 1885-86 was 587,000 tons; 9,030,770 bags, or 1,174,000,000 lbs. Of this Brazil produces about as much as all the rest of the world put together. For the buyers of 1888 to 1893, inclusive, there was received at the port of New York from Brazil 14,868,261 bags of coffee.



Zebu. Cacomixle.
This is the Indian bull, or cow, having a hump on the withers. It has been domesticated from time immemorial, and is now only known in its artificail breeds which are numerous, and various in size, shape and color, the processes of artificial selection having modified the original stock in almost every particular. The hump is sometimes double. The flesh is considered a delicacy. The size differs, some being as large as ordinary cattle, and others no larger than a common calf a month or two old. The white bulls are consecrated to Siva in India, and are exempt from labor and molestation. Zebus are bred particularly in that country, but also in China, Japan and some parts of Asia. They are used as beasts of burden, and of draft, and as riding animals, as well as for beef. The still largely unfamiliar country of Mexico and the Southwestern States contains many interesting animals which are seldom seen elsewhere, even in a menagerie. Among these is this pretty and intelligent creature, also called the mountain cat. Is is about as large as the domestic cat, and resembles the raccoon in some respects, but is more slender, and has a long furry tail, marked with black and white rings, as in the common lemur. It is frequently tamed, and is much prized by the ladies of Mexico as a pet. A dark bar is placed like a collar over the back of the neck. In some specimens the bar is double, and in all it is so narrow that when the animal throws its head backwards the dark line is lost in the lighter fur. The term cacomixle, or cacomixl, is a Mexican word, and another name for the same animal is tempemaxthalon. The scientific title, bassaris, is the Greek word for fox.

-- or --

CLICK ON ANY PAGE NUMBER, BELOW, TO VIEW INDIVIDUAL PAGE DETAILS

Page 1: Leopard, Kuda-Ayer, Whallabee, Llama
Page 2: Puma, Zibeth, Rimau-Dahan, Lynx
Page 3: Beaver, Opossum, Bison, Bighorn
Page 4: Cheetah, Vlacke Vark, Jaguar, Galago
Page 5: Ermine, Reindeer, Polar Bear, Buansuah
Page 6: Taguan, Alpine Hare, Panda, Jackal
Page 7: Tanrec, Rhinoceros, Gnu, Phatagin
Page 8: Badger, Tatou, Ounce, Yak
Page 9: Giraffe, Lion, Gems-Bok, Camel
Page 10: Aye-Aye, Aard Vark, Blotched Genett, Gorilla
Page 11: Angora Goat, Asiatic Elephant, Mullingong, Orang-Outang
Page 12: Otocyon, Tiger, Zebra, Spring Haas